English Name: Cardamom (Large)
Botanical Name: Amomum subulatum Roxb
Nepali Name: अलैंची
Large Cardamom is produced only in Nepal, India and Bhutan. Nepal is the top producer of Large Cardamom followed by India and Bhutan.
Large Cardamom is a perennial herb with subterranean rhizomes and 50-140 aerial leafy shoots. Each shoot has height of 1.7 to 2.6 mtr and possess 9 to 13 leaves in each tiller. Leaves are glabrous on both sides with a prominent mid-rib. Inflorescence is a condensed spike with yellowish perianth. Each spike has 10-15 fruits. Fruit is round or oval shape, capsule with reddish brown colour. Each capsule is trilocular with many seeds.
Large Cardamom is cultivated in the Sub-Himalayan region of North Eastern India, Nepal and Bhutan. It is grown in cold humid conditions under shade of trees at an altitude between 800-2000 meters above sea level. A large quantity of Large Cardamom grown in Nepal is exported to India. From India, the spice is re-exported to other countries. Large cardamom has no other alternative available in the market in terms of quality, taste and effectiveness.
It is used as a flavourant in dishes like Pulavu, Biriyani and meat preparations. It is an ingredient in curry powder and spice masala mixtures and is also used in Ayurvedic and Unani medicines.
India, Pakistan, UAE, UK, Saudi Arabia, USA and Canada.